The year 2017 saw the greatest amount of industrial space built in Europe in its history – more than 3.7 million sqm. This represents a 68% increase over 2016 and a 55% increase over the existing record dating back to 2007 (an additional 1.2 million sqm). The total industrial space in the region has increased by 17% as a result. Such are the results of a survey conducted by Cushman & Wakefield, a company that has been monitoring the industrial property market in the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary and Romania on a long-term basis.
The average occupancy rate reached a record-breaking 95.1%. In effect, take-up is greater than ever and new additions have no problem finding their occupiers before or during development. The greatest amount of industrial space in history was leased in Europe in 2017 – 6.7 million sqm, one million more than last year.
“Although the development in the region is unprecedented and the Central European region’s steep growth rate is approaching its maximum, we are not afraid of a major reversal. The record values are nearing or have even exceeded the pre-crisis figures in many respects while one principal indicator has been decreasing – and that is the vacancy rate. Offer meets demand and in this respect, the current market is much sounder even though it may appear overheated,” says Ferdinand Hlobil
, Partner and the Head of the CEE Industrial Team.
Of the total 6.7 million sqm of leased space, more than 4 million sqm comes from Poland, by far the most active country in terms of transactions. This also represents Poland’s record. 1.3 million sqm, approximately 70,000 sqm less than in 2016, was leased in the Czech Republic. From the long-term perspective, this is a high figure that has been steadily reoccurring with minor differences since 2013. Both Hungary and Romania have seen their respective records in terms of sqm of leased space. 617,625 sqm was leased in Hungary, almost 200,000 sqm more than in 2016; 512 000 sqm in Romania. 283,529 sqm was leased in Slovakia.
“Total warehouse stock in Poland increased by 20%. For the fifth consecutive year demand for logistic space reached a record level, with last year’s transaction volume exceeding 4 million sqm. Healthy GDP growth of 3.8%, as well as further infrastructure investments and the global trend of e-commerce expansion, are expected to be the key factors underpinning further warehouse market growth in 2018. New projects will appear not only in the key markets such as Warsaw, Upper Silesia or Central Poland but also in the middle size cities with greater labour market availability,” said Joanna Sinkiewicz, Partner and the Head of the Industrial Team in Poland.
„We faced a formerly never experienced demand on the Hungarian market in 2017. The figures were outreaching the ones in 2016, with more than 200,000 sqm. Currently, more than 110,000 sqm is being developed, which is a positive aspect however it has no real effect on the market as the demand for new properties towers above, and a big part of the developing area is pre-leased. As for the stable demand, and tenant activity there is a huge need for speculative developments. Expectedly after the beginning of the first speculative development, others are going to start, nonetheless, the building costs are still causing delays on the market. In the short run, we are expecting a slower rise in the rental fees, also Class B and C areas are expected to be over-esteemed until the newly developed areas reaching the demand extents,” commented Gábor Halász-Csatári, Associate and the Head of the Industrial Team in Hungary.
The vacancy rate has decreased to a historic low at 4.9% despite the record-breaking development. This reflects the good condition of Central European economies. The lower this ratio is, the better the condition of the economies of the countries concerned.
Poland was a clear leader in terms of new development. Its share at 2.3 million sqm accounted for a full 63% of the newly built 3.7 million sqm. 662,000 sqm of new industrial space was built in the Czech Republic – the second best result in Central Europe and the second best result in Czech history. This was 162,000 sqm more than in 2016. Surprisingly, Romania followed closely with almost half a million [sqm] of newly built industrial space. This is a clear record, outperforming the 2016 record figure by about 100,000 sqm. Hungary and Slovakia added roughly similar amounts of space, 120,000 sqm of new industrial space.
“Poland has become the clear winner in terms of taking advantage of the post-crisis economic boom. After them, the Czech Republic and Romania have benefitted the most. Hungary and Slovakia did not take full advantage of the opportunities of the beginning of the last decade, however in the past two years the two countries have begun to accelerate their growth,” says Ferdinand Hlobil.
The investments in industrial properties amounted to €2.2 billion in 2017, 19% of the total amount of investment in commercial properties in Central and Eastern Europe.
Cushman & Wakefield expects a strong year 2018, both in terms of new construction and continued strong demand. Central and Eastern Europe still benefits from low wage costs and an excellent location in Europe. Changes in the retail structure - the further expansion of e-commerce - will also support the further growth in demand for industrial real estate. Developers are therefore expected to further build in large volumes.
"Despite the very successful period of the last years, Central Europe (including Romania) did not catch up with Germany in terms of overall metres square of modern industrial space. However with regard to the very low vacancy rates and strong tenant demand, the big potential of further growth in the whole region is evident,” says Ferdinand Hlobil.